Amer fort is situated on a forested hill promontory that juts into Maota Lake near the town of Amer, about 11 km from Jaipur city. Jaipur is located in the semi-Arid zone of India characterized by high temperature, low rainfall and mild winter. The city is flanked by the Aravalli hills on the North and the East. The general slope of the Jaipur city and its surroundings is from north to south and then to south-east, in which direction nearly all the ephemeral streams flow. Higher elevations in the north exist in the form of low and flat-topped hills of Nahargarh, Jaigarh, Amer and Amargarh which are deeply dissected and eroded.
Amer Fort was built by Raja Mansinghji in 1599. It was further expanded for the next 150 years by Mirza Raja Jai Singhji and Jai Singhji II and later Jai Singhji II decided to move the capital of Amer to Jaipur city in 1743.
Amer Fort has a lake located at the base of the fort known as Maota lake which collects the lake water flowing down from the nearby hills and is the main source of water for the Amer fort and common people in the region.
Water is lifted from the Maota lake at Kesar Kyari Garden and is raised through a water lifting mechanism operating at different levels. A series of structures are built to lift water to reach up to the Fort through a complex Relay-Rehant system.
Photo credits: Heritage water walks, Jaipur